Primary Source Railroad Strike 1877







Urban Pollution—Many Long Years Ago. history transpired during the year of 1877. March, Great Southwest Railroad Strike of 200,000 workers against the Union Pacific and Missouri Pacific railroads owned by Jay Gould, one of the more flamboyant of the 'robber baron' industrialists of the day. 1830: 1st year wagon trains left East on the Oregon Trail. This instructional packet uses newspaper articles from the nineteenth century to create a case study of a significant event in American labor history, the Railroad Strike of 1877, frequently referred to as the Great Strike. Expert Answers. Atwater, "The Great Railroad Strike" of 1877 1877 strike in Baltimore documents strikes 1877-1898 reports from Harper's Weekly "An Historical Sketch of the Knights of Labor" scholarly article by Carroll D. Workers were on strike and more than half the nation freight stopped running during the strikes. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 occurred at many different railroads in the USA. Become a Member! Only members can access this content. At issue in the 1937 strike were neither wages. What began as a walkout by railroad workers in the company town of Pullman, Illinois, escalated into the country's first national strike. Many Pasts (excerpts from over 900 primary sources) Digital Blackboard (web-based activities) Search Page See "Development of the Industrial US, 1870-1900" and "Emergence of Modern America, 1890-1930. This starts the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. The Great Railroad Strike of 1922, commonly known as the Railway Shopmen's Strike, was a nationwide strike of railroad workers in the United States. Chapter 13 Study Guide. Report of the President and Managers of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Co. These troops suppressed strike after strike, until at last, approximately 45 days after it had started, the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was over. Primary sources are also included (be sure to click on the paper clip and/or info icon on each item to find out more about it). freedoms and rights as workers. In the following excerpts from Part 13 of his autobiography, he describes the great railroad strike. This is a primary. paternalistic welfare capitalism as an anti-union device in the. The strike is crushed, but it gives evidence of the deep conflict between workers and business owners. The Great Strike, 1877. The depression of 1893 naturally affected the business at once Matters grew worse until, in the fall of 1893, the company closed its Detroit shops, employing about 800, and concentrated its contract and repair business at Pullman. Sometime after July 22, 1877, Pittsburgh photographer S. home is a bed, bath property. Fearing increased labor violence, which began with the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, and a political crisis in confidence in the Republican Congress, who took the blame for the downturn, federal troops were redeployed closer to the nation's industrial center and far from Southern blacks in 1877. o The strikers destroyed equipment and rioted in the streets of Pittsburgh and. In the Baltimore railroad strike of 1877, at least ten people were killed and more than 150 were injured. The Compromise of 1877 gave Rutherford B. Similar episodes occurred more frequently in the following decades. It affected the economic system which saw many developed nations experience a transition from mercantile to industrial commercialism; this meant that a. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began to lose momentum when President Hayes sent federal troops from city to city. The Great Labor Uprising of 1877 (New York: Monad Press, 1977). Workers across the world have been striking to protest poor working conditions, to speak out against sexual harassment, and to. The Depression of 1873 devastated many workers. You can also suggest a primary source set topic or view resources for National History Day. Description. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Thursday, April 28, 2016. 1877 and then again on Feb 7 to strategize in the midst of the controversy. In the era of dramatic industrialization following the Civil War, the most powerful of the big business corporations were the railroad companies. In the Baltimore railroad strike of 1877, at least ten people were killed and more than 150 were injured. After the Civil War, industrialists engaged in an enormous rail building program. The Pullman Strike of 1894 was a milestone in American labor history, as the widespread strike by railroad workers brought business to a standstill across large parts of the nation until the federal government took unprecedented action to end the strike. ASA Paper: Blood or Bread: Anglophone Food Riots and the 1877 General Strike Blood or Bread: The 1877 General Strike and Anglophone Food Riots When Confederate army veteran Albert Parsons addressed approximately 30,000 people assembled on Chicago’s Market Street on July 23 1877, unprecedented crowds had spread throughout the United States in sympathy with an uncoordinated railroad strike. Denny's Curve, Opposite 33rd St. I can explain how a variety of perspectives on the economy AND labor developed during a time of financial panics and downturns. Read More » Labor History: The Great Strike of 1877. This instructional packet uses newspaper articles from the nineteenth century to create a case study of a significant event in American labor history, the Railroad Strike of 1877, frequently referred to as the Great Strike. UNDERSTANDING CRAFT. Striking Railroad Workers Dragging Firemen And Engineers From A Baltimore Freight Train At Martinsburg, West Virginia, 17 July 1877. Digital History, 2013 THE GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877. In Chicago, 30 workers are killed by federal troops, more than 100 wounded at the "Battle of the Viaduct" during the Great Railroad Strike - 1877 President Grover Cleveland appoints a United States Strike Committee to investigate the causes of the Pullman strike and the subsequent strike by the American Railway Union. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began to lose momentum when President Hayes sent federal troops from city to city. " Railroads and the Making of Modern. Writing Assessment Rubric - Essay on the Causes and Consequences of The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Excellent Good Fair Needs Work Content/Focus Writing shows a well-reasoned perspective and thorough understanding of the events of The Great Railroad Strike of 1877. An Ohio Republican, on the shifting of attention from Reconstruction to labor unrest. over the wealth of primary sources that document the course of the Colorado coalfield war, however, concur on a few crucial points. In this assessment, students evaluate an excerpt of an 1877 newspaper article about railroad strikes in Columbus, Ohio. Great Railway Strike of 1877. " 1877: America's Year of Living Violently. Chapter 13 Study Guide. Includes a set of primary source documents, classroom exercises, and suggested reading and viewing. Subject All Subjects US History American Literature Science and Technology World History Arts African Americans Asian Americans Labor History Latino Americans Law and. The outcome - railroad workers returned to their jobs at the reduced rates of pay. To give feedback, contact us at [email protected] Consists of a series of stereoview cards showing the aftermath of the strike in Pittsburgh. In most of the strikes in the late 1800s, the United States government either did not intervene, or went so far as to intervene on the side of management. Many historians date the first great industrial upheaval of American labor to July 16, 1877, when workers on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad began refusing to work in protest against a round of. The 1877 Railroad Strike in Baltimore is available for sale; contact Bill Barry at [email protected] This made it easier to conduct my research on turning points for the railroad strike. Online versions of original documents are available for use by teachers and students for lesson planning in elementary and secondary schools, as well as colleges and universities. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 started on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, in response to the cutting of wages for the third time in a year by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O). Interpreting Primary Sources The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History offers lessons, quizzes, activities and primary source documents for a variety of topics including The Farmer’s Revolt, and Responses to Industrialization. In this assessment, students evaluate an excerpt of an 1877 newspaper article about railroad strikes in Columbus, Ohio. warfare during the strike of 1937, illustrates the failure of. The disappearance followed two patterns. textile industry. What came to be known as The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia. Apr 24 Last federal occupying troops withdraw from the South (New Orleans) Apr 24 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire Apr 27 Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced in Paris Apr 27 Rutherford B. We now have many primary source documents that we can use to ask questions and make judgements about this period in. Event of Interest. 1892 strike at Carnegie's Homestead Steel plant outside Pittsburgh turned violent. 8000 state militia intervened to crush strike. of Law, and the Distributed Learning Center, of Northwestern University, on the history of homicide in Chicago, 1870-1930, based on CPD homicide records and featuring an interactive database of over 11,000 homicide cases. I am a 20 year old college student at Uconn Avery Point making this website for my history class. $6 per student, $5 per student for 3 sessions or more. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 started when railroads cut wages to make up for losses in the panic of 1873. (The accused must have a trial. Each campaign book has either a table of contents or alphabetical index or both. True/False: Power sources (such as water, coal, wood, electricity, and oil) were more expensive in the United States than in other nations around the world. In July 1877, railroad workers across the country went on strike to protest wage cuts. Meddaugh (1893) --The antistrike provisions of the Railroad (Cummins) Bill. I am a 20 year old college student at Uconn Avery Point making this website for my history class. A spectacular example of collective violence, the Great Strikes of 1877 was the first national strike and the first major strikes against the railroad industry. Get the best books, eBooks, articles, media and open access sources on American History 1877-1890. The Burlington railroad strike of 1888 was a failed union strike which pitted the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers (B of LE), the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen (B of LF), and the Switchmen's Mutual Aid Association (SMAA) against the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (CB&Q) its extensive trackage in the Midwestern United States. Telegraph lines and railroad lines inextricably bound together as telegraph polls dotted the distance of railroad lines. My teacher does not want us to use Wikipedia since the information changes too much. Spies for Hire: Ads for the Pinkerton Detective Agency (primary document) 1877 uprising. over the wealth of primary sources that document the course of the Colorado coalfield war, however, concur on a few crucial points. View Homework Help - Chapter 16 Primary Source Assignment. Where a mortgage on a bill of foreclosure filed in an inferior state court against his mortgagor and certain trustees holding collateral securities obtains in that court a decree against the mortgagor personally and against the trustees as trustees, and the mortgagor alone. jpg Metadata This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877. 1877: The Grand Army of Starvation Viewer's Guide This booklet is curriculum support for the American Social History Project's 30-minute documentary 1877: The Grand Army of Starvation. Southern states had blocked westward rail expansion before 1860, but after secession the The Pacific Railway Act of 1862 was finally passed by Congress. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began on July 17, 1877, in Martinsburg, West Virginia. --The history of a peaceful revolution / by Clare Lacombe (1886) --The communist and the railway / [William Mason Grosvenor] (The International review, v. Request from Interlibrary Loan. Analyzing Primary Sources in the Classroom. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began to lose momentum when President Hayes sent federal troops from city to city. Digital History, 2013 THE GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877. The Depression of 1873 devastated many workers. "The Mob Fired on at Reading,"New York Tiimes, July 24, 1877. In the summer of 1877, a series of railroad worker strikes occurred, starting on July 17, 1877, in Martinsburg, West Virginia. attention of the 1877 Railroad Strike. Southern states had blocked westward rail expansion before 1860, but after secession the The Pacific Railway Act of 1862 was finally passed by Congress. Image from the August 11, 1877 issue of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. Primary Sources. After more than a month of conflict,. 21 The only major group of railroad workers with an established brotherhood, the engineers, attempted a strike in February 1876 in response to a ten percent pay cut. Railroad strike of 1877 spread across the country, needed troops to stop it. Wage cuts in the railroad industry led to the strike, which began in West Virginia and spread to three additional states over a period of 45 days before being violently ended by a combination of vigilantes, National Guards-men, and federal troops. The strikes began on the B&O and spread to the Pennsylvania, where railroad property in Pittsburgh was severely damaged by the strikers. By the eve of World War I, railroads employed one out of every 25 American workers. In the 1850 census he was recorded as a twenty-four-year-old farmer in [] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press. SACRAMENTO, July 2nd [1867]. The Baltimore railroad strike occurred in Baltimore, Maryland, as part of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, nationwide strikes and civil unrest following the global depression and economic downturns of the 1870s. That year marked the end of the Reconstruction era and the start of the first general strike ever witnessed in this country, the Great Railroad Strike. Compromise of 1877: Election Results. In 1877, there was another strike – this time the general strike included all the workers on the line. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Rail Road Strike of 1877. Digital History, 2013 THE GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877. halted after workers of. The strike began on July 16, 1877 and lasted nearly two weeks. Detailed use of specific primary source material to explain the. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877, hosted by the University of Pittsburgh Library's Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania Labor Legacy project. The strikes eventually erupted into riots in Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Chicago and St. The unemployment was the cause of many deaths in starvation, suicide, and people who wander off to seek resources. In its aftermath, would you argue that workers won the strike and were better off at the conclusion? Describe the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Subject All Subjects US History American Literature Science and Technology World History Arts African Americans Asian Americans Labor History Latino Americans Law and. The strike is crushed, but it gives evidence of the deep conflict between workers and business owners. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 started when railroads cut wages to make up for losses in the panic of 1873. Individual Student Research: A chance for individual students to conduct primary source research under the guidance of an MdHS educator. Read pgs 539-587. History in Context: Primary Sources 17. For more than a decade leading up to his assignment, the metropolis had been throttled by conflict between workers and bosses; there had been a turbulent railroad strike in 1877, and a massacre of rioters demanding an eight-hour workday in 1886. The Pullman’s Strike of 1894 and Its Effects on the Labor Market and Economy. Pullman Strikes Out as a Model Town: Publications by the Industrial Workers of the World (University of Arizona Library) The Railroad Strike of 1877 (Historical Society of Berks County, PA) Religion and the Founding of America. Background: This source is from a larger damage assessment of a labor strike that was conducted against the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad in several locations in Maryland and West Virginia in 1877. 5,000 in 1876. In a group of 2-3, you will select one of the following topics from the Progressive Era to research and create an informative poster. Address of August Spies. GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE, 1877. Bulgaria’s foreign ministry said Monday it had asked the Russian ambassador in. The viewer's guide contains background information on issues raised by the documentary as well as additional primary source materials for use in the classroom. Views: The 1877 Railroad Strike. Pennsylvania Anthracite Coalfields. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 Organizing Strategies and Labor Violence The Farmers Organize The Labor Movement in Global Context The New Industrial Order: Defense and Dissent Defending the New Order Critiquing the New Order Global Passage: Titled Americans with Sources U. Mount Penn Gravity Railroad Station in Mineral Springs Park, within easy access by street cars from all parts of the city and railroad stations. Railroad strike destruction at the 26th Street Pennsylvania Railroad Round House, July 14-27 1877, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The most notable strikes of this era were the Great Railroad Strike, the Homestead Strike, and the Pullman Strike, all of which ended violently. Digital History, 2013 THE GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877. 100 people ended up dead!! At the Homestead Strike (Carnegie Steel), managers cut wages to destroy the union. PRIMARY SOURCES. In the following excerpts from Part 13 of his autobiography, he describes the great railroad strike. Louis, the struggle became one of the nation's first general strikes. " Railroads and the Making of Modern. In 188S there was a strike of the men on the Chicago, Burlington Quincy railroad, which soon ended in the creation jf a railroad board of arbitration. That year, mired in the stagnant economy that followed the bursting of the railroads' financial bubble in 1873, rail lines slashed workers' wages (even, workers complained, as they reaped enormous government subsidies and paid shareholders lucrative stock dividends). Heer Printing Company, 1924. Railroad Strike Of 1877. We now have many primary source documents that we can use to ask questions and make judgements about this period in. Digital History, 2013 THE GREAT RAILROAD STRIKE OF 1877. In 1877, two local political factions struggled for control of the deposits; these were the so-called "Salt Ring" led by District Judge Charles Howard, the group that tried to gain private control of the mines, and the "Anti-Salt Ring" of Antonio Barajo and Luis Cardis. President Trump has changed his primary residence from Trump Tower in New York City to Mar-a-Lago in Florida, the president tweeted Thursday night. SACRAMENTO, July 2nd [1867]. Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends. In a group of 2-3, you will select one of the following topics from the Progressive Era to research and create an informative poster. We now have many primary source documents that we can use to ask questions and make judgements about this period in. In most of the strikes in the late 1800s, the United States government either did not intervene, or went so far as to intervene on the side of management. Title: The great railroad strike of July 1877 Date Created/Published: 1877. The railroads were determined to honor their contracts with the PPCC, insisting that trains run with Pullman cars attached. The Great strike of 1877 took place in the. Primary Sources The Great [railroad] Strike. Leach published the Vallejo Evening Chronicle from 1867-1886 and the Oakland Enquirer from 1886-1898. Louis Action Research Project. com, also read synopsis and reviews. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 provoked the country's first major rail strikes in the nation's history. A spectacular example of collective violence, the Great Strikes of 1877 was the first national strike and the first major strikes against the railroad industry. 20 Railroad employees faced harsh conditions during the panic and subsequent depression, as workers lacked organization and could not collectively respond to wage cuts. July 16 – Great railroad strike of 1877: Riots by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad railroad workers in Baltimore, Maryland lead to a sympathy strike and rioting in Pittsburgh, and a full-scale worker's rebellion in St. The standard history of the Great Strike of 1877, written from a generally pro-labor position. 1877/07/17 Tuesday Headlines: Labor Troubles and Disturbances. The Great Strike of 1877. Explore resources and ideas for Using DPLA's Primary Source Sets in your classroom. Louis Workingman's Party led a group of approximately 500 people across the Missouri River in an act of solidarity with the nearly. I have looked at all of them, but cannot find a good one. Fearing increased labor violence, which began with the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, and a political crisis in confidence in the Republican Congress, who took the blame for the downturn, federal troops were redeployed closer to the nation's industrial center and far from Southern blacks in 1877. It foreshadows the national security mentality of our own era's "war on terror. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 started on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, in response to the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) cutting wages of workers for the third time in a year. This study examines the role of the Pennsylvania National Guard during the years between the railroad strike of 1877 to its mobilization for the Great War in 1917. Chicago begins its rapid1873 growth as a major industrial city. Standard 1: Early National Development: 1775 to 1877 Students review and summarize key ideas, events, and developments from the Founding Era through the Civil War and Reconstruction from 1775 to 1877. The following document tells the story of this strike from the viewpoint of Allan Pinkerton, one of the founders of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency. The new stretch of rail line cost $1. Pullman Strike. Short essay on the events and meaning ; Paul LeBlanc The Railroad strike of 1877; The spread of the strike across the nation; Documents on the strike; The Great Railway Strike of 1877 and Newspaper Coverage. "The Mob Fired on at Reading,"New York Tiimes, July 24, 1877. Telegraph lines and railroad lines inextricably bound together as telegraph polls dotted the distance of railroad lines. The strike prompted many employers to get tough on labor by imposing an anti-union policy: they. about his work in the Underground Railroad. Federal troops. I saw the topic The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 and the American Labor Movement and realized it was similar to my topic and combined the two together. A mountain climb behind a powerful engine (itself a novelty), two and a half miles to the summit of Mt. Railroad Strike Of 1877. Read More » Labor History: The Great Strike of 1877. This strike finally ended some 45 days later, after it was put down by local and state militias, and federal troops. Streets, Railroads, and the Great Strike of 1877 (review) Article in Technology and Culture 41(3):636-638 · January 2000 with 10 Reads How we measure 'reads'. American Issues: A Primary Source Reader in United States History, Volume 2, 5th Edition The Railroad Strike of 1877 , The Sources of Soviet Conduct. began in the West and spread east. The material is arranged chronologically. Built between 1856 and 1857 at a cost of $600,000, Camden Station is a grand reminder of the long history of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in Baltimore. SACRAMENTO, July 2nd [1867]. In order to protect their profits during the economic depression that had begun in 1873, they companies had reduced the pay of. Workers for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad went on strike and violence erupted. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was the first major strike in an industry that propelled America's industrial revolution. Unionized maintenance workers and firefighters at the Sydney Airport have a new four-year collective agreement that will include annual raises of between 2. By the eve of World War I, railroads employed one out of every 25 American workers. Page-After-Page "Great Strike" Illustrations--The Sixth Maryland Fighting It's Way Through Baltimore--Blockade of Engines at Martinsburg, West Virginia---The Burning of The Lebanon Valley Railroad Bridge By Rioters---The Destruction of The Union Depot and Hotel At Pittsburgh---The Work of Destruction in Pittsburgh--View of the Pittsburgh Conflagration--The Burning of The Round-House at. That year, mired in the stagnant economy that followed the bursting of the railroads’ financial bubble in 1873, rail lines slashed workers’ wages (even, workers complained, as they reaped enormous government subsidies and paid shareholders lucrative stock dividends). Individual Student Research: A chance for individual students to conduct primary source research under the guidance of an MdHS educator. The summer of 1877 produced a climax: a nationwide railroad strike accompanied by rioting coast to coast. In the following excerpts from Part 13 of his autobiography, he describes the great railroad strike. I can explain how a variety of perspectives on the economy AND labor developed during a time of financial panics and downturns. 100 dead and millions of dollars lost in damaged/stolen property. 20 Railroad employees faced harsh conditions during the panic and subsequent depression, as workers lacked organization and could not collectively respond to wage cuts. March, Great Southwest Railroad Strike of 200,000 workers against the Union Pacific and Missouri Pacific railroads owned by Jay Gould, one of the more flamboyant of the 'robber baron' industrialists of the day. Bruce Lesh, "Using Primary Sources to Teach the Rail Strike of 1877. Primary Sources The Great [railroad] Strike. The Pullman Strike of 1894 was one of the most influential events in the history of U. The emancipation of the Black man had undermined the very source of their fortunes which was the forced, plantation slave labor of the African. Andrew Jackson Jones, legislator, financier, and railroad president, was probably the son of William Jones of Bladen County. Louis general strike grew out of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Telegraph lines and railroad lines inextricably bound together as telegraph polls dotted the distance of railroad lines. The Great Labor Uprising of 1877 (New York: Monad Press, 1977). A Free and Online, Collaboratively Built American History Textbook. Atwater, "The Great Railroad Strike" of 1877 1877 strike in Baltimore documents strikes 1877-1898 reports from Harper's Weekly "An Historical Sketch of the Knights of Labor" scholarly article by Carroll D. Name_____ Primary Source Analysis: The Great Rail Road Strike of 1877. New York: New, 2010. By the end of July 13, workers successfully blocked freight trains around the Baltimore area and in West Virginia. Bruce Lesh, "Using Primary Sources to Teach the Rail Strike of 1877. Rent textbook American Horizons U. It was triggered after the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad cut wages for the third time in a year. The Great Strikes of 1877. Although Hayes is not regarded as one of the greatest luminaries of our nation's highest office, he left an extensive diary that offers insights into the role of the presidency during the Gilded Age, including some important events, such as the massive railroad strike of 1877. Annotation: The total miles of railroad track in the United States increased from just 23 in 1830 to 35,000 by the end of the Civil War to a peak of 254,000 in 1916. Event of Interest. Name_____ Primary Source Analysis: The Great Rail Road Strike of 1877. "The Great Railroad Riot," 26 July 1877 Introduction. com, also read synopsis and reviews. Homestead Steel. Primary Sources by Theme Shows burning of Union Depot, Pittsburgh, PA during Great railroad strike of 1877. began in the West and spread east. 20 Railroad employees faced harsh conditions during the panic and subsequent depression, as workers lacked organization and could not collectively respond to wage cuts. The Homestead Strike. The Great strike of 1877 took place in the. This 1877 protest, which grew out of workers' increasing discontent, was the country's first nationwide strike. Comparing Primary and Secondary Sources• In this activity, you will compare how the Railroad Strike of 1877 (sometimes called "The Great Strike of 1877") is reported in the textbooks with several actual reports of the strike printed in an important newspaper from that time period, The Albany Argus. In this assessment, students evaluate an excerpt of an 1877 newspaper article about railroad strikes in Columbus, Ohio. A Free and Online, Collaboratively Built American History Textbook. During the Great Strike of 1877, for instance, rallies and marches in St. To give feedback, contact us at [email protected] Americans were able to move out to the Great Plains to make the most out of the fertile farm land and miners struck it rich searching for gold. Great Southwest Railroad Strike and Free Labor Books and Articles—Primary Sources Adams, B. For each of events listed on the chart, list the concerns and. Workers grumbled about the loss of income in small groups, and by the end of the day railroad firemen began walking off the job. 5,000 in 1876. What came to be known as The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia. Pennsylvania Anthracite Coalfields. Start studying AMH 2020 Unit 1. On July 13, 1877, right after the Baltimore and Ohio Company cut wages by ten percent again forty workers walked out of the job. Explore resources and ideas for Using DPLA's Primary Source Sets in your classroom. View Homework Help - Chapter 16 Primary Source Assignment. Even its title is suggestive of its critical stance toward the events of the previous ten days. 1892 strike at Carnegie's Homestead Steel plant outside Pittsburgh turned violent. By the eve of World War I, railroads employed one out of every 25 American workers. " This is what happens to George Babbitt, the midwestern middle-class businessman in Sinclair Lewis's classic novel Babbitt, when a labor strike turns his city "into two belligerent camp. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 began on July 14 in Martinsburg, West Virginia, and ended some 45 days later after it was put down by local and state militias, as well as by federal troops. Share Railroad Strike of 1877 The Panic of 1877, a national economic recession, had a disastrous effect on the earnings of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Fearing increased labor violence, which began with the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, and a political crisis in confidence in the Republican Congress, who took the blame for the downturn, federal troops were redeployed closer to the nation's industrial center and far from Southern blacks in 1877. But no progress had been announced by mid-afternoon. The President had his own source. The editorial that follows, which appeared in the New York Independent, condemned the strike even more strongly. Louis Action Research Project. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Source: "The Great Railroad Strike," New York Times (21 Jul 1877), 4. Workers for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad went on strike, because the company had reduced workers' wages twice over the previous year. MCPHERSON* T HE deterioration of labor-management relations in Little 1Steel prior to World War II, which resulted in industrial. On Election Day that November, the Democrats appeared to come out on top, winning the swing states of Connecticut, Indiana, New York and New Jersey. Use the chart on the back of this page. Similar episodes occurred. Wage cuts in the railroad industry led to the strike, which began in West Virginia and spread to three additional states over a period of 45 days before being violently ended by a combination of vigilantes, National Guardsmen, and federal troops. The Crime of Poverty. Contemporary American Wood Engraving. The word strike seems to be on everyone’s lips these days. The consummation of what has become known as the Compromise of 1877 cleared the way for final resolution of the presidential contest. Annotation: The total miles of railroad track in the United States increased from just 23 in 1830 to 35,000 by the end of the Civil War to a peak of 254,000 in 1916. Heer Printing Company, 1924. Event of Interest. On July 13, 1877, right after the Baltimore and Ohio Company cut wages by ten percent again forty workers walked out of the job. The first major strikes against railroads broke out in 1877, when many major railroads cut back wages by 10%. I have looked at all of them, but cannot find a good one. It focuses on key episodes in American history: slavery, territorial expansion, the Civil War, the transcontinental railroad, the Indian Wars, immigration, the great railway strike, the Pullman strike, William Jennings Bryan, and how Americans adapted to. Here you will find primary source historical documents and images that can be used as handouts in your classroom. Opposite 30th and 31st Sts. First, the strike between mine workers and coal corporations generated no shortage of passion, drama, and tragedy. When the railroad announced a 10% cut in wages, workers called a strike from Baltimore to Chicago. Name_____ Primary Source Analysis: The Great Rail Road Strike of 1877. Secondary Works Chapter One. halted after workers of. 5,000 in 1876. Opposite 32nd and 31st Sts. 1 Background 2 Strike 2. On Election Day that November, the Democrats appeared to come out on top, winning the swing states of Connecticut, Indiana, New York and New Jersey. Primary sources are also included (be sure to click on the paper clip and/or info icon on each item to find out more about it). In 1877 a national railroad strike swept across America. Seemingly pathetic and seldom lasting more than a week or two, the significance of the strikes lay not in their success or failure but. The following document tells the story of this strike from the viewpoint of Allan Pinkerton, one of the founders of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency. Truman was raised in Independence, Missouri. The emancipation of the Black man had undermined the very source of their fortunes which was the forced, plantation slave labor of the African. That year, mired in the stagnant economy that followed the bursting of the railroads' financial bubble in 1873, rail lines slashed workers' wages (even, workers complained, as they reaped enormous government subsidies and paid shareholders lucrative stock dividends). President Hayes sends federal troops to protect mail and quell the riots that take place in numerous cities as part of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. Interpreting Primary Sources The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History offers lessons, quizzes, activities and primary source documents for a variety of topics including The Farmer’s Revolt, and Responses to Industrialization. " OAH Magazine of History. ASA Paper: Blood or Bread: Anglophone Food Riots and the 1877 General Strike Blood or Bread: The 1877 General Strike and Anglophone Food Riots When Confederate army veteran Albert Parsons addressed approximately 30,000 people assembled on Chicago’s Market Street on July 23 1877, unprecedented crowds had spread throughout the United States in sympathy with an uncoordinated railroad strike. Federal troops. The strike began on July 16, 1877 and lasted nearly two weeks. It became the first massive strike of American workers, and was viewed at the. Southern Pacific Railroad will block the Texas and Pacific plan. All of the help and resources used in creating American-Rails. o Strikers disrupted rail service from Baltimore to St. Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Primary Sources. The list contains some casualties from the nationwide railroad strikes of July 1877, when 87 brakemen were fired for striking along the Q in Illinois between Galesburg and St. Lucy Parsons, as a WPUSA partisan, was actively involved in the strike. from JSTOR. Primary Source Sets Primary source collections exploring topics in history, literature, and culture developed by educators — complete with teaching guides for class use. Lesson for Comparing Primary and Secondary Sources Using the Declaration of Independence; Lesson on the Civil War Comparing Primary and Secondary Sources; Lesson on the 1877 Railroad Strike Comparing Primary and Secondary Sources; Lesson on WWI Comparing Primary and Secondary Sources (Canadian War Museum) Lesson on Fort Davis and the Telegraph. Read More » Labor History: The Great Strike of 1877. 1852 (Meeker 22) took Oregon Trail to Washington state, farmer, 6 months 1906 (Meeker 76) took Oregon Trail east, went to DC in old wagon, met TR 1916 (Meeker 86) went cross-country by car: Trip took one month. Includes a TokenX language analysis of documents related to the strike, a GIS map displaying the spread of the strike across the Northeastern United States, and a GIS map displaying the movements of strikers and sympathizers during the July 20, 1877 Baltimore Rail Riots. Many people were yearning for this nostalgic, peaceful life after the economic disaster caused by the Panic of 1873 and a year of the labor unrest, the Great Railroad Strike, Indian Wars, and violence. (Often state militia or federal troops joined company guards (Pinkertons) to crush strikes. This strike finally ended some 45 days later, after it was put down by local and state militias, and federal troops. It focuses on key episodes in American history: slavery, territorial expansion, the Civil War, the transcontinental railroad, the Indian Wars, immigration, the great railway strike, the Pullman strike, William Jennings Bryan, and how Americans adapted to. Chicago begins its rapid1873 growth as a major industrial city. A turning point in U. The Age of Explorers(-1600) Colonies (1600-1760).